Bull recipients undergo training at PCC

Farmer-trustees under the bull loan program of the Philippine Carabao Center in the National Impact Zone (NIZ) are now equipped with necessary skills and knowledge to properly manage the bulls that were entrusted to them.

A first on NIZ, a bull management training was conducted to capacitate bull handlers on proper management and care of breeding bulls. It was held at the PCC National Bull Farm in Digdig, Carranglan, Nueva Ecija from May 24 to 25.

The 23 farmer-participants were taught skills and lessons on bull management particularly on heat detection, feeds and feeding, forage management, and proper handling. They were also guided to detect symptoms of buffalo diseases and how these can be treated.

The participants are the select recipients of the bull loan program. They are to receive bulls from PCC on June 4.

Under the bull loan program, PCC will loan out dairy-type Murrah bulls to qualified farmers for natural mating with native or crossbred carabaos in areas where artificial insemination services are not available. Ownership is then transferred to the farmer-recipient when the bull has produced at least 25 calves.

PCC conducts R&D in-house review

True to its mandate as a premier research institution for livestock biotechnology, the Philippine Carabao Center showcases the results of its efforts on research and development (R&D) in this year’s PCC R&D in-house review from May 29 to 30.

Focusing on the thematic areas on genetic improvement, animal health and nutrition, reproductive biotechnology, and socio-economic issues relevant to the carabao industry, the two-day event accepted 20 completed and 13 on-going paper presentations.

Dr. Eric Palacpac, national R&D coordinator, said that the in-house review is a monitoring and evaluation tool for PCC to ensure that research initiatives are aligned with its R&D Agenda.

“It serves as a venue for sharing research results with the R&D community and as a motivating tool for researchers to conduct pertinent studies in line with PCC’s mandate,” Dr. Palacpac added.

The event will be capped with a recognition program for the best paper and best presenter as its way of recognizing researchers who excel in their respective disciplines.

Among the participants are scientists and researchers from the PCC national and regional centers and students from PCC host universities.

Results of the different researches are expected to provide industry stakeholders a clearer understanding of the foundation and dynamics of the animal industry and eventually hasten its development.

PCC participates in World Buffalo Congress 2013

Dr. Flocerfida Aquino of the PCC Reproductive Biotechnology Unit receives a certificate of recognition from the organizers of this year’s WBC and ABC for winning 4th place for her poster entry on “In Vitro Embryo Production and Transfer of Bubaline Embryos Using Oocytes Derived from Transvaginal Ultrasound-Guided Follicular Aspiration.” [Photo by EPPalacpac]


The PCC delegation attending the 10th WBC and 7th ABC in Phuket, Thailand headed by its executive director Dr. Libertado Cruz (middle, in yellow shirt). [Photo by EPPalacpac]

Scientists, key industry players in buffalo development gatherfor the 10th WBC and 7th ABC in Thailand

All for the cause of water buffalo development, livestock scientists and other stakeholders in the buffalo industry across the world have gathered to discuss and exchange scientific knowledge on improving the buffalo for a myriad of economic and social benefits.

With over 500 participants from 35 cooperating countries from across the globe, the 10th World Buffalo Congress (WBC) and 7th Asian Buffalo Congress (ABC) are jointly held in Phuket, Thailand from May 6 to 8.

WBC is an international collaboration in water buffalo development which started in 1985 in Cairo, Egypt. It has since been conducted every three years by the International Buffalo Federation (IBF) and alternately hosted by its member-countries.

With the theme “Green Production Against Global Warming,” the joint congress highlights various presentations on technology and scientific findings in different areas relevant to buffalo development. Among these areas are on reproduction, genetics/breeding, meat and dairy science, and sustainable production of buffaloes.

As the country’s lead agency in promoting carabao industry development thru livestock biotechnology research and development, PCC is a key player in the World Buffalo Congress, with its Executive Director, Dr. Libertado C. Cruz being the president of IBF in 2003. In 2004, PCC hosted the 7th WBC held in Manila.

PCC co-sponsors this year’s congress thru the dissemination of the scientific outputs of the congress. Fourteen delegates from the agency will present papers and posters of different areas of research on buffalo development.

Headed by Dr. Cruz, the delegation included Dr. Claro N. Mingala and Dr. Lawrence P. Belotindos from the Animal Health Unit; Dr. Daniel L. Aquino, Unit Head of the Animal Nutrition Unit; Dr. Edwin C. Atabay, Director of PCC at CLSU; Flocerfida P. Aquino, Dr. Prudencio B. Pedro, Dr. Lerma C. Ocampo, and Dr. Eufrocina P. Atabay of the Reproductive Biotech Unit; Dr. Eric P. Palacpac, National Research and Development Coordinator; Sonia D. Pol, Wilma T. Del Rosario, and Estella M. Paoay of the National Impact Zone Coordinating Unit; and Dr. Caro B. Sales, Director of PCC at Ubay Stock Farm.

It is expected that the outputs of their presentations will provide more alternative technologies and sound management and production systems for dairy buffalo raisers in the country.

Early detection of hardware disease thru ultrasonographycan mitigate mortality in ruminants

Hardware disease (traumatic reticulitis) can now be properly addressed by PCC veterinarians and farm managers because of their additional technical know-how in using ultrasound technology.

Dr. Nancy S. Abes, PCC’s Animal Health Coordinator, said hardware disease is the second leading cause of mortality, next to fascioliasis, among buffaloes and its early detection can mitigate occurrence of deaths among ruminants.

Hardware disease is caused by ingestion of metallic foreign bodies such as wire, rope, and nails. Among its ill effects are stunted growth and cessation of milk production.
Data from the National Impact Zone (NIZ) show that out of 260 mortalities among buffaloes from March 2010 to January 2013, 49 were caused by hardware disease.

In a three-day training on “Ultrasonographic and Macroscopic Evaluation of Disorders of the Reticulum and Linear in Buffaloes” conducted at the PCC National Headquarters and Gene Pool in the Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija last April 18-20, PCC’s animal health service providers were taught to carry out ultrasonography of abdominal, thoracic, and reproductive organs of small and large ruminants, and identify normal structures in the ultrasonograms.

They also learned to characterize the ultrasound features of disorders of reticulum and linear disorders and quantify the ultrasonogram echoes thru digital analysis.

Among other topics were on the fundamentals of ultrasound and ultrasonography, equipment and general guidelines for ultrasonography, ultrasonography of abdominal and reproductive organs, echocardiography, transabdominal and transrectal ultrasonography, and miscellaneous ultrasonographic procedure.

Hands-on and practical exercises in using the ultrasound equipment for ruminants, particularly goats and buffaloes, were performed.

Ultrasonography and ruminant surgery experts Dr. Jezie Acorda, Dr. Rio John Ducusin, and Dr. Arville Mar Gregorio Pajas, all from the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of the Philippines-Los Banos, Laguna were invited as resource persons in the training.

The participants were from the different PCC regional centers in the University of the Philippines-Los Baños, University of Southern Mindanao, Ubay Stock Farm, Central Luzon State University, National Impact Zone, Gene Pool, Animal Health Unit, and quarantine site.

“Ultrasonography has many applications in ruminants because aside from the detection of various diseases and disorders, it can also be used for the detection of pregnancy to improve reproduction of animals,” Dr. Acorda said.

He added that some of the important diseases that can be detected in ultrasonography include hepatic disorders, kidney disorders, gastro intestinal disorders, mastitis reproductive disorders and cardiac disorders.

“Na-enrich yung knowledge ko, na-refresh ‘yung kaalaman ko sa mga basic lectures na pwedeng magamit sa field. Mahalaga ‘yung training kasi yung mga hardware diseases pwede makita at gawan agad ng paraan. (Through the basic lectures which can be practically used in the field, my knowledge has been enriched and refreshed. The training is important for us to detect hardware diseases early on to employ necessary treatment),” Rogelio Antiquerra, farm manager of the PCC Gene Pool, said.